Reducing energy demand in dwellings is an important component of meeting carbon reduction targets. The drivers of such demand reduction are linked to occupant practices, varying greatly between people and locations.

This research shows that occupants’ thermal preferences can adapt to prolonged high indoor air temperatures, raising their expectations. It also points out that in absence of communal heating charges, several households are unlikely to be able to afford to heat their homes to the recommended healthy standards.

A human – centric approach is required to achieve energy savings without compromising people’s health and well-being.